Terminology

Dojo Rules

  • Be moderate and courteous.
  • Be righteous and have a strong sense of justice.
  • Be modest in your words and actions.
  • Respect others.
  • Karate do is a lifetime study.

 

  • Hitotsu. Reigi o  tadashiku suru koto.
  • Hitotsu. Hito ni meiwaku o kakenai koto.
  • Hitotsu. Otagai ni nakayoku suru koto.
  • Hitotsu. Sensei sempai no oshie o mamoru koto.
  • Hitotsu. Renshu wa mainichi suru koto.
shitu stance 4 sm

Numbers

IchiNiSanShiGoRokuShichiHachiKuJu
12345678910

Common Terms:

Karate - Empty handKarate-do - The way of karateSensei - Instructor
Samurai - WarriorBushido - Code of the wariorBudo - Martial Arts
Dojo - Training hallGi - Training suitObi - Belt
Rei - BowOsu/Oss - GreetingHikite - Retract arm
Kiai - YellShomen-ni-rei - Bow to the frontSensei-ni-rei - Bow to senior instructor
Shihan-ni-rei - Bow to masterOtaga-ni-rei - Bow to each otherSempei-ni-rei - Bow to senior
Yame - StopYoi - ReadyHajime - Start
Yasume - RestKyu - Grades other than black belt (e.g. 6th kyu = white belt, etc.Dan - Black belt degrees or levels
Shomen - FrontGedan - LowerChudan - Middle
Jodan - UpperMokuso - MeditationSeiza - Formal sitting position
Ki - Internal powerKime - FocusTanden - Lower abdomen
Zanshin - State of mind and body - calm but fully aware.Kata - Pre-arranged fighting formsKihon kumite - Basic pre-arrranged fighting practice
Jiyu ippon kumite - One-step free-style fighting practiceJiyu kumite - Free sparringIppon kumite - One point free-style sparring

Techniques - Basic (White and Yellow Belts):

Blocks (Uke)Punches (Tsuki)
Harai uke - Downward blockShomen tsuki - Basic front punch
Yoko uke - Inside middle blockGyaku tsuki - Reverse punch
Jodan uke - Upper blockOi tsuki - Lunge punch
Sukui uke - Scooping block
Shuto uke - Knife-hand block
Hand strikes (Uchi)Kicks (Geri)
Shuto - Knife-hand strikeMae (Shomen) geri - Front kick
Uraken - Back fist strike (jab)Sukuto geri - Side kick
Empi uchi - Forearm elbow strikeMawashi geri - Roundhouse kick
Ura uchi - Back fist
Stances (Dachi)
Heisoku dachi - Attention
Shizen dachi - Natural stance
Shiko dachi - Sumo stance
Zenkutsu dachi - Forward stance
Neko ashi dachi - Cat stance
Sanchin dachi - Inward tension stance
Musube dachi - Informal attention
Kiba dachi - Straddle (horse) stance